In June 2006, in Greentree, Cameroon and Nigeria, Cameroon and Nigeria signed a historic agreement under the auspices of my predecessor, Kofi Annan, setting out the modalities and timetable for the implementation of the 2002 International Court of Justice ruling that transferred the Bakassi Peninsula from Nigeria to Cameroon. This pioneering event was proof of the determination and determination of the two countries to go beyond a difficult past and, with a common vision and common goal of strengthening and respecting the rule of international law, to approach their border dispute in a way that ensures lasting peace and good neighbourly relations between the peoples of Cameroon and Nigeria. For the United Nations, the Greentree agreement has also been the embodiment of an innovative approach to conflict resolution. Starting with the withdrawal of Nigerian troops from Bakassi two years ago and the culmination of this ceremony, the case of the Bakassi Peninsula has proven the viability of a peaceful and legal settlement of border disputes, if done with the full support of the international community and in a spirit of mutual respect, good neighbourliness and cooperation. Today, I would like to pay tribute to the foresight and political will shown by the governments and peoples of the Republic of Cameroon and the Federal Republic of Nigeria. In particular, it was their patience and perseverance that made this remarkable experience and today`s ceremony possible. In addition, the success of their initiative has given the world a model for the peaceful resolution of sensitive disputes. On 12 June 2006, Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo and Cameroonian President Paul Biya signed the Greentree agreement on the withdrawal of troops and the transfer of power to the peninsula. The withdrawal of Nigerian troops was planned for 60 days, but allowed for a 30-day extension, while Nigeria was allowed to retain its civilian administration and police in Bakassi for another two years.  The dispute between the two states was resolved by the International Court of Justice, which ruled in Cameroon`s favour. The Nigerian government complied and withdrew its troops, motivated by the risk of losing foreign aid.  The Greentree Agreement was the formal treaty that settled the cameroon-Nigeria border dispute over the oil and natural gas-rich Bakassi Peninsula.  The conflict had already taken place in 1913, in 1981, in 1994 and in 1996 between Nigeria and Cameroon in Bakassi.
 The case was referred to the International Court of Justice and, on 10 October 2002, the ICJ ruled in Cameroon`s favour.  A monitoring committee, made up of representatives from Cameroon, Nigeria, the United Nations, Germany, the United States, France and the United Kingdom, was established to monitor the implementation of the agreement.  Here is the text of the embassy of UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on the occasion of the ceremony of impeachment and delegation of powers in the Bakassi Peninsula, as stated by kieran Prendergast, chairman of the monitoring commission for the implementation of the Greentree agreement between Nigeria and Cameroon, today, 14 August, in Calabar , in Nigeria, this day also marks a decisive step in the successful implementation of the 2002 International Court of Justice ruling. which has settled the potentially dangerous border dispute between Cameroon and Nigeria. It is a day of triumph for the rule of law, which is at the heart of the mission and work of the United Nations. As the two countries continue to cooperate to end the delimitation of their borders and promote cross-border cooperation at various levels, they will benefit from the continued commitment and support of the Organization. The final delegation of powers to the Bakassi Peninsula opens a new chapter in relations between the two countries in dealing with residual issues. I am confident that both governments will demonstrate the same determination and commitment to ensure that the human rights of the local people affected by this historic event continue to be protected.