“India cannot afford to have the Bombay Club that existed in the early 1990s, it is necessary to stay connected to other countries, including trade and economic cooperation,” said Sanjaya Baru, an economist and media advisor to former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, previously. The Bombay Club was made up of renowned Indian industrialists who, in 1993, supported the process of economic liberalization in order to create protection and measures for a level playing field. Sectarian violence during the 2002 Gujarat riots damaged relations between the US government and Narendra Modi, then Prime Minister of Gujarat. Human rights defenders have accused Modi of promoting anti-Muslim violence. In its 2002 report, the New York-based NGO Human Rights Watch directly implicated Gujarat officials in violence against Muslims.  In October 2018, India reached a landmark $5.43 billion agreement with Russia to procure four S-400 surface-to-surface missile defense systems, one of the most powerful missile defense systems in the world that ignores U.S. CAATSA law.  The United States also threatened India with sanctions because of India`s decision to buy oil from Iran.  According to the President of the U.S.-India Strategic Partnership Forum (USISPF), Mukesh Aghi, “sanctions for decades to come would have disastrous consequences for U.S.-India relations.
In India, the United States would again be considered unbelievable.  The United States and India remain different on issues ranging from trade to civil liberties. In an affidavit filed on 13 February 2015 before the Delhi Supreme Court, India`s Ministry of the Interior stated that national reports on rights and practices had become instruments of foreign policy: “The United States, the United Kingdom and the EU have made it clear in government documents and declarations that these reports are made to use them as instruments of foreign policy.” The affidavit also stated that the reports of the United States, the United Kingdom and the European Parliament were biased because “they do not give the Indian government or the local embassy/High Commission the opportunity to draft their opinion and are highly biased vis-à-vis the destination country.”  The U.S. State Department`s 2014 Annual Report on Human Trafficking (TIP) appeared to view the Khobragade incident as an example of human trafficking: “An Indian consular officer at the New York Consulate was charged in December 2013 with visa fraud in connection with their alleged exploitation of an Indian domestic worker.”  In response, India did not express the urgency of authorizing visits to India by the newly appointed Ambassador of Human Trafficking, Susan P..