Stormville Oil

1.5 C Paris Agreement

By / Uncategorized / No Comments

The Paris Agreement (the Paris Agreement) [3] is an agreement within the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that deals with the reduction, adaptation and financing of greenhouse gas emissions and was signed in 2016. The language of the agreement was negotiated by representatives of 196 States Parties at the 21st UNFCCC Conference of parties held at Le Bourget, near Paris, France, and agreed on 12 December 2015. [4] [5] Since February 2020, all 196 UNFCCC members have signed the agreement and 189 have left. [1] Of the seven countries that are not parties to the law, Iran and Turkey are the only major emitters. A mix of participatory and integrated options to mitigate and adapt can lead to rapid and systemic transitions – in urban and rural areas – that are necessary elements of an accelerated transition that is compatible with limiting warming to 1.5oC. These options and changes are the most effective, if they are compatible with economic and sustainable development and if local and regional governments are supported by national governments . . . . . . . .

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. . . . . . Different mitigation options are developing rapidly in many regions. Although many are pro-development, not all income categories have yet benefited. Electrification, energy efficiency in end-uses and increasing the share of renewable energy reduce, among other things, energy consumption and the decarbonization of energy supply in the built environment, especially in buildings. Other rapid changes needed in the urban environment are the demotivization and decarbonization of traffic, including the development of electric vehicles, and the increased use of energy-efficient equipment (average evidence, high consent).

Technological and social innovations can help limit warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius, for example by enabling the use of smart grids, energy storage technologies and universal technologies such as information and communication technologies (ICTs), which can be used to reduce emissions. Sustainable adaptation opportunities include green infrastructure, the resilience of water services and urban ecosystems, urban and periurban agriculture, and adaptation of buildings and land use through regulation and planning (medium evidence, medium to high support). {4.3.3, 4.4.3, 4.4.4} Global and regional land use and ecosystem transitions and the resulting behavioural changes, which would be necessary to limit warming to 1.5oC, could improve the future adaptive and mitigation potential of agriculture and forestry. However, these transitions could have consequences on livelihoods: that depend on agriculture and natural resources . . . . . . . . .

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. Changes to agricultural and forest systems to meet mitigation targets could affect existing ecosystems and their services and could jeopardize food security, water and livelihoods. While this may limit the social and environmental viability of land-based mitigation options, planning and implementation